Ocimum sanctum is commonly known as Tulsi it is also spell as Tulasi or sometimes Tulsai. Tulsi is a Sanskrit word which means “matchless one,” in English Tulsi is known as Holy Basil. It is a most worshiped plant in Hindu culture due to its mythological background.
Krishna tulsi, information about tulsi,medicinal uses of leaves
It is believed that Tulsi is lord Krishna’s wife; it has a property that is matchless with any other herb. For this reason, it became a culture of planting tulsi in a center of a court yard in Hindu homes.

There are varieties of tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), and most of their chemical constituents are similar. There are about 50 to 150 species of Ocimum genus’ herbs and shrubs that are found in the tropical regions of Asia. Below is the tulsi plant information that are most commonly found around the world.

Types of Tulsi Plant with Ocimum Scientific Name

  1. Tulsi : Ocimum sanctum L.
  2. Krishna Tulsi : Ocimum tenuiflorum
  3. RamTulsi : Ocimum gratissium
  4. Dulal Tulsi : Ocimum canum
  5. Ban Tulsi :Ocimum basilicum
  6. Camphor basil : Ocimum kilimandscharicum
  7. American basil/ Hoary basil : Ocimum ammericanum
  8. Amazonian basil : Ocimum micranthum
  9. Lemon Basil : Ocimum africanum

Importance of Krishna Tulsi in Ayurveda

In Ayurveda, Tulsi is titled as the “Queen of all herbs” a most powerful and adaptive herb that can be applicable and morphable to almost any condition just like a queen does. It is a magical herb that can be used in many ailments such as in lung conditions, asthma, including bronchitis, congestion and colds.

It is furthermore known to heal the damaging effects of smoking. The medicinal use of Tulsi plants is very old; the Ayurveda Literatures indicate that therapeutic use of plants is as old as 4000-5000 B.C. The other references are available is in RigVeda, which is said to be written between 3500-1600 B.C also mentioned the medicinal use of tulsi.

It is an herb important not only in Ayurveda or siddha but it also had an importance in a medicinal system of Roman and Greek as well. It is so because of its several medicinal properties having been attributed to the Tulsi

Ayurvedic Properties

  • Rasa Taste :  Katu/ Tikta (Pungent/Bitter)
  • Guna (qualities) : Laghu / Rooksha/ Teekshna (lightness/dryness/Piercing)
  • Virya : Ushna(pungent taste)
  • Vipak : Katu (sharp)

Tridosha Effect

  • Balances Vata And Kapha Dosha (Kaphahara, Vatahara)
  • Increases Pitta Dosha (Pittavardhini)

 Parts of plant used

  • Seed
  • Leaf
  • Root

The species of genus Ocimum generally grows in different parts around the world and are known to have medicinal properties. There are varieties of tulsi such as Ram Tulsi, Krishna tulsi Vana Tulsi among them Ram Tulsi and Krishna tulsi are most commonly found in India and has been used for daily life, from worship to cure diseases.

Different Varieties of Tulsi

1. Rama Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum): Rama Tulsi is also known as Green Leaf Tulsi, it is a green tulsi that has light purple flowers and an aromatic flavor just like other spices. It is due to its chemical properties of eugenol in it, which contribute aroma and mellower flavor into it.

2. Krishna Tulsi (Ocimum tenuiflorum): Krishna Tulsi is also known as Shyama Tulsi or Kali Tulsi or Purple Leaf Tulsi, it looks purple it does have an aroma and peppery flavor a live Ram Tulsi.

3. Vana Tulsi (Ocimum gratissimum): Vana Tulsi is also known as Wild leaf Tulsi it is a bright and light green tulsi plant that grows wild and is indigenous to Asia and North East Africa it does have an aroma flavor, but it is similar to the taste like lemony. It is a tulsi plant that is found in most part of the world.

Chemical constituents

  • Essential Oils
  • Carbohydrates
  • Flavonoids
  • Proline
  • Linalool
  • Methyl Chavicol
  • Nerol
  • Geraniol
  • Citral
  • Ursolic Acid

Medicinal uses of tulsi in Ayurveda

  • Ashma: It is useful in kidney and bladder stones.
  • Kushta : It is useful in skin diseases with pain or in itchiness.
  • Parshvaruk : It relieves pain in flanks.
  • Vamihara : It provide relieves in vomiting.
  • Hidhmahara : It is useful in repeated hiccups.
  • Kasahara : It is useful in cough and cold.
  • Shwasahara : It is useful in treatment of chronic respiratory disorders like asthma.
  • Hrudya : It is useful for reducing cholesterol deposition in blood vessels.
  • Agnivardhini/ Vahni Deepani : It promote digestion strength.
  • Ruchikrut : It improves taste and relieves anorexia.

Medicinal Uses and Benefits of Krishna Tulsi

1. Antimicrobial activity 

It helps in Worms and Parasites: The Anti Microbial properties of tulsi inhibit the growth of E. coli. This way Tulsi be the best medicine for worms and parasites. One can use it by taking fresh juice or making tea with Honey, the sweetness excites the parasites drawing them out of their hiding places.

2. Antioxidant activity

It aids Digestive System: Tulsihasan antioxidant property that can be beneficial for stomach, intestine, esophagus. Tulsi is an herb that naturally supports digestion, using tulsi with combining ginger work excellent. All the three sacred varieties of Tulsi such as Vana, Krishna and Rama can be used ginger, cinnamon, licorice or peppermint.[1]

3. Antipyretic activity

It helps to reduce Fevers: The analgesic properties of tulsi works as painkiller it to some instances completely eliminate the pain or sensation. So it can be the best medicine that helps to prevents and reduces fevers even in the conditions of viral encephalitis, typhoid and malaria. The Imperial Malarial Conference has also declared Tulsi herb to be a genuine remedy for malaria fevers. [2]

4. Cardioprotective activity

It boost Cardiovascular and Circulatory System: Tulsi can also be the best medicine for heart health and overall blood circulations. It is known to be a cardio tonic that can prevent heart attack and lowers stress related high blood pressure.

The properties in Tulsi help to normalize blood pressure vascular and protect the heart and blood vessels. It promotes circulation by mild blood-thinning qualities, which thereby decreasing possibility of strokes.

Tulsi has vitamin C and other anti oxidants such as “Eugenol” that can protect the heart from harmful effects of free radicals. It also reduces the total cholesterol levels so it can be useful for heart disease patients.[3]

5. Anabolic activity

It boost muscular system : Tulis can be a best remedy for body building and the person trying to gain weight. It is due to its Anabolic properties that act as a steroid, popularly known as anabolic–androgenic steroids in short (AAS).

The tulsi leaves have a steroidal androgen which has natural androgens like testosterone, a synthetic androgen that is structurally related and have similar effects to testosterone. The anabolic elements increase the protein within cells, particularly in skeletal muscles; it also has been differing from degrees of androgenic effects.

It additionally develops and maintains masculine secondary sexual qualities such as the growth of the vocal cords and body hair. The Antiarthritic properties of tulsi leaves also help to enhance protein synthesis and strength.

In India, people have a strong belief that those who plant tulsi in their houses never get ill. They believe that tulsi is very lovable to lord Krishna and lord Krishna has blessed this herb with wealth of health. Scientifically, the reason behind the story is true as tulsi contains a chemical composition that no mosquitoes and flies can come near the plant because of it s peculiar odor. Secondly planting tulsi in a courtyard can be beneficial as they can get valuable remedies that can be used in multiple ailments.